USDA takes its census every 5 years, with years ending in 2 and 7. The details of all the crunched numbers are beginning to filter out. Stu Ellis has your report on the 2017 Census of agriculture.
There are 2.04 million farms and ranches –a drop of 3.2% from 2012 with an average size of 441 acres USDA reported in the latest Ag Census..
Corn is the #2 commodity by value, behind cattle and calves.
The average age of all producers is 57.5 years and that is 1.2 years older than the 2012 Ag Census.
Average farm income is $43,053. A total of 43.6 percent of farms had positive net cash farm income in 2017. But 56% of farms had a negative cash flow in 2017.
Ninety-six percent of farms and ranches are family owned. The other 4% are owned by corporations, formed by families for ease in transition from one generation to the next.
There are 321,261 young producers age 35 or less on 240,141 farms. Beginning farmers have increased 5% over the past 5 years.
Thirty-six percent of all producers are female, and 56 percent of all farms have at least one female decision maker.
in Illinois –growth in the size of farms has been very modest. The number of farms in the 500 to 2,000 acre category has increased only 1.5% since the 2012 Ag Census. Nationwide there were 85 thousand farms with 2000 acres or more, and they made up 58% of all farmland.
.Over one quarter of farms do not have internet access.
That’s our report from the farm, I’m Stu Ellis with WCIA3 your local news leader.